In approaching this multi-faceted challenge my memory has prompted the “CDEP days” where the Kurrungal Council (Wangkatjungka, Ngumpan and Kupartya communities) was instructed by the communities to sound a bull-horn at 0830am coinciding with the start of school classes and at 0835am the power to all houses was turned off for 3 hours. This was not an imposition of the CDEP program, but an expression of the influence and community support for a program all people on those three communities felt they owned. Participation was often more than 70% and importantly output from the activities was measurable. (I should also explain that CDEP is increasingly romanticised and like all employment services programs had considerable flaws.)

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